No Question of Majority or Minority, But of Fairness – Let Us Do What is Right, November 23, 1869 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

[Cartier speaks of promises made to the English-speaking minority of Quebec before Confederation, now delivered with a reformed education bill for Quebec. Cartier praises the liberality of French-Canadians, saying in these issues “it was not a question of majority or minority; it was a question of fairness. It was not about knowing who was strongest,… Continue reading No Question of Majority or Minority, But of Fairness – Let Us Do What is Right, November 23, 1869 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

Speech on the Acquisition of the Northwest Territories, April 15, 1869 – George-Étienne Cartier

[Cartier addresses a crowd assembled at Montreal’s Bonaventure Station, welcoming him home from a mission to England to negotiate the accession of the North-West Territories to Canada. After outlining some details of the plan, Cartier speaks of his pride that the Quebec Legislature has now redeemed the promises made to the English-speaking minority of Quebec… Continue reading Speech on the Acquisition of the Northwest Territories, April 15, 1869 – George-Étienne Cartier

Confederation is a Tree of Many Branches, May 25, 1867 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

[Cartier is given a hero’s welcome in Ottawa, greeted by crowds and receiving official congratulations from the Mayor and the President of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society. Cartier speaks of Confederation reuniting the lands which formerly comprised New France, and tells the Franco-Ontarian minority it has been placed on an equal footing with the majority, and has… Continue reading Confederation is a Tree of Many Branches, May 25, 1867 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

Honouring Alexander Galt: Justice To All Races and Creeds, May 22, 1867 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

[Delivered to a banquet honouring Alexander Galt, Cartier pays tribute to a key political ally and representative of the English-speaking minority of Quebec, asking his audience “How could someone possibly aspire to become a statesman worthy of the name, in our country, without being fully resolved beforehand to render equal justice to all races and… Continue reading Honouring Alexander Galt: Justice To All Races and Creeds, May 22, 1867 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

Canada Must Be a Country Not of Licence But of Liberty, May 17, 1867 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

[Returning home after the London Conference, Cartier steps off a Grand Trunk train and delivers this speech to a crowd approaching 10,000 waiting at the Montreal’s Bonaventure Station, declaring “Canada will become a nation, stretching from one ocean to the other.” Cartier claims for himself an active role in Confederation, stating “with all the resolve… Continue reading Canada Must Be a Country Not of Licence But of Liberty, May 17, 1867 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

The Rights of Each and Every Citizen Will be Protected, May 17, 1867 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

[Returning home to Montreal after the London Conference and an audience with the Pope at Rome, Cartier’s train pulls up to greet a crowd of 300 assembled at the town of Saint-Hyacinthe. Cartier speaks of Confederation fulfilling the vision of his namesake, the great explorer Jacques Cartier, in reuniting all the lands which formerly were… Continue reading The Rights of Each and Every Citizen Will be Protected, May 17, 1867 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

Before Us Lies an Era of Glory, October 30, 1866 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

[Before the departure of delegates for the London Conference, Cartier addresses a banquet for 250 hosted in his honour at Montreal and presided over by the mayor. Greeted with resounding applause, Cartier gives a potted history of his political career, and its many practical accomplishments. Interestingly, he links his federation proposal of 1858 with the… Continue reading Before Us Lies an Era of Glory, October 30, 1866 – Speech by George-Étienne Cartier

Justice and Equal Rights, April 13, 1843 – George-Étienne Cartier (Reported by La Minerve)

[One of Cartier’s earliest surviving speeches, delivered to a political rally when he was just 28, foreshadows with remarkable precision the political nationality he would advocate at Confederation. Addressing himself to French-Canadian, English, Irish and Scots alike, Cartier tells the crowd they can seek constitutional rights together, and that diversity will be a “social and… Continue reading Justice and Equal Rights, April 13, 1843 – George-Étienne Cartier (Reported by La Minerve)

George-Étienne Cartier: The Canadian: MLI Paper by Alastair Gillespie

MLI paper explores the role of George-Étienne Cartier in the establishment of Confederation OTTAWA, March 7, 2017 – The Macdonald-Laurier Institute is pleased to showcase the second paper of its Confederation Series, authored by MLI Munk Senior Fellow Alastair Gillespie. This paper offers an important look at George-Étienne Cartier’s role in the birth of Confederation.… Continue reading George-Étienne Cartier: The Canadian: MLI Paper by Alastair Gillespie

George-Étienne Cartier, Speech in the Confederation Debates – February 7, 1865

George-Étienne Cartier’s famous speech on Confederation articulated a new idea of Canadian political nationality—one capable of bridging the ethnic, religious and linguistic divides among our fractured population. The scattered colonies of British North America were divided by geography, language, ethnic origin, and religion, making Cartier’s speech both an act of statesmanship and an act of… Continue reading George-Étienne Cartier, Speech in the Confederation Debates – February 7, 1865